Saturday, June 30, 2012

Fibre Channel Transceiver Doubles Data Bandwidth

Doubling the bandwidth of the current generation Fibre Channel devices at nearly the same power level, the AFBR-57F5PZ SFP+ 16-Gigabit Fibre Channel transceiver with industry-standard signaling rates up to 14.025 Gb/s.

The transceiver reduces the number of ports required for inter-switch connectivity by a factor of two compared to existing 8 Gigabit Fibre Channel solutions and operates at essentially the same power level.

The SFP+ module’s transmitter and receiver can operate at different data rates and maintains compatibility with legacy 8 Gigabit and 4 Gigabit Fibre Channel devices. Other features include an operating temperature range from 0° to +70° C and operating voltage of 3.3V ± 5%.

Low-Power FPGA Squeezes Into Mobile Devices

SiliconBlue’s 40-nm iCE40 mobileFPGA family boasts packages as small as a 2.5- by 2.5-mm, 25-ball ball-grid array (BGA) drawing as little as 15 µW for the LP (low power) series, which is great for sensor system support such as applications that utilize the MIPI SLIMbus interface.

The HX (high performance) series, available in larger packages with more I/O pins, targets devices like smart phones and tablets. The HX series also can handle 720p, 30/60-Hz data or 1080p, 30-Hz, single-lane low-voltage differential signaling (LVDS).

The FPGAs are available in a range of packages including BGAs with a 0.4-mm ball pitch. These RAM-based FPGAs also have their own on-chip nonvolatile memory. This low-power, one-time programming (OTP) memory can be programmed once an application is developed.

The chips also can be programmed using off-chip memory. This is useful for development and some deployed applications. OTP support allows a chip to be customized, such as including keys or identification information.

SiliconBlue’s fabric design is different from most other FGPA vendors. It does not include buffering on the interconnect. The HX fabric can run at speeds up to 150 MHz. The LVCMOS interface can run at 200 Hz. The chips are available with 640 to 16k logic cells.

The company’s iCEcube2 graphical development tool supports the iCE40 family. Silicon Blue provides a wide range of standard interfaces and modules such as LVDS, DVI, USB, or SLIMbus interfaces.

Mechanical Engineering


Mechanical engineering, the broadest of all Engineering disciplines deals with design and production of tools, machines and all other mechanical equipment to be used in industries. The industry offers a wide choice of options extending across many interdisciplinary interdependent specialties. Mechanical engineering is concerned with all types of machinery in industries and all aspects of their mechanism and functioning; the design, development, construction, production, installation, operation and maintenance; such as large steam and gas turbines, components of thermal power stations, internal combustion engines, jet engines, machine tools, air conditioning and heating machines, refrigerators etc to name a few. They not only design and create new products, but also develop materials for them and ways of making them.

In a way, mechanical engineers are involved in creating the future. They are the driving force behind many of our technologies and industrial processes including innovative products like mobiles, PCs and DVD etc in our modern world. The work of a Mechanical Engineer can be extremely challenging and fulfilling, requiring IT, design and analytical skills together with an ability to work as a team. As their work involves production, transmission and use of mechanical power and heat, they have to analyse the different materials used for the machines and their tolerances, investigate the different energy sources and the power they generate and the design problems if any. When designing and making a commercial product they have to take into account all the business and marketing aspects to make sure that the product is affordable. They share interests with many other engineers like Civil Engineers in structures and stress analysis; Electrical engineers in electronics, computing and control theory; Aeronautical Engineers in fluid flow and turbomachinery etc and also design tools needed by other engineers for their work. They work as part of a team with other engineers as well as financial, business and management professionals on a project together. Mechanical Engineers are also responsible for maintenance and repair of the devices. Care has to be taken that the plants give maximum output and the machinery is properly maintained.

The specialisations include in areas like thermal engineering, design, and production engineering etc. Mechanical engineers work mainly in manufacturing firms. They can find work in administrative and managerial positions in government departments or public and private sector industries or do research as well as teaching in Research and teaching institutes. They could also opt for technical sales / marketing or work as independent consultants.

Job Prospects:

Mechanical Engineering finds applications in all fields of technology. They could work in many industries including private or public sector industries of various types, and their work varies by industry and function. With the rapid rate of expansion in the industrial sector, the employment potential for mechanical engineers is very high.

In the government sector, freshers could join as Junior Engineers and go up the ladder as Assistant Engineers, Assistant Executive Engineers, Executive Engineers, Superintendent Engineers and so on.

These engineers are required in automobile, chemical, electronics, steel plants, oil exploration and refining, technical wings of armed forces, space research organisation, etc. Candidates with post graduate degree or an additional management degree could find work in administrative and managerial positions in government departments or public and private sector industries or do research as well as teaching in Research and teaching institutes. They could also opt for technical sales / marketing or work as independent consultants. Several government departments including Posts and Telegraphs, Defense, PWD, and CPWD employ mechanical engineers. Aeronautical, agricultural, automobile, chemical, and power plants, as well as the railways, need mechanical engineers to design and maintain their machinery. In agricultural sector, mechanical engineers play a vital role by establishing service centres for maintenance of tractors, oil engines, pump sets, electric motors and other agricultural equipments.

Mechanical Engineering graduates has several job opportunities in Marine engineering. After undergoing a basic pre sea training or studying marine engineering or nautical science course, they can join as engine cadets, marine engineers or navigating officers. Mechanical Engineering graduates can also opt for M.E/ M.Tech programmes in Marine engineering, Petroleum engineering, Aerospace/ Aeronautical engineering or Nanotechnology.


The remuneration and conditions of service depend on the industry and its function. Those engineers, who choose to work in the private sector, could negotiate their terms and conditions with the management themselves.
Most fresh engineers start at Rs 15,000 to Rs 20,000 per month, with allowances. Those with an additional management degree in addition to engineering can command salaries of Rs 25,000 to Rs 40,000 per month.

In the US, according to a salary survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers, bachelor’s degree candidates in mechanical engineering received starting offers averaging $48,426 a year, master’s degree candidates had offers averaging $55,994, and Ph.D. candidates were initially offered $72,096.

Electronics Engineering:


Electronics Engineering is one of the largest and fastest growing field of engineering. It covers a wide range of applications which make our life easier and enjoyable such as Television, Radio, computers, telecommunication etc. They helps us to see, hear and communicate over vast distances and do things faster. Electronics has a major role in improving productivity in industries like oil, energy, agriculture and so many other important sectors of economy. In steel, petroleum and chemical industries it is the electronic devices that direct, control and test production processes. Health care industry depend on electronic instruments to perform chemical tests and to check body functions. The safety in transportation, factories and mines and in homes rely heavily on electronics.

An Electronics engineer must find new solutions to the practical problems affecting our daily lives. An electronics engineer will work in team with other specialists to design, fabricate, produce, test and supervise the manufacture of complex products and systems i.e electronic equipments and components for a number of industries including hospitals, computer industry, electronic data processing systems for communication and in defense etc. They supervise production and manufacturing processes and oversee installation and maintenance. Electronics engineers work with devices that use extremely small amounts of power. They work with microprocessors, fibre optics, and in telecommunication, television, radio etc.

Electronics engineering is a constantly changing and widening branch of the engineering profession. Electronics industry being a labour intensive industry provides many job opportunities for the skilled job seekers. Increased production and demand by government and businesses for communication equipment, computers and military electronics along with consumer demand and increased research and development on robots and other types of automation contributes to the growth of employment opportunities in the field. Candidates having a creative and inventive mind and also are good at physics and mathematics will probably find electronics engineering a challenging and lucrative career.

Job Prospects:

An electronics engineer can get a job in Central Government, State Governments and their sponsored corporations in public enterprises and the private organizations like All India Radio, Indian Telephone Industries, MTNL, National Physical Laboratories, AIR, Civil Aviation Department; Post and Telegraph Department; Co-ordination Department, National Physical Laboratory, Bharat Electronics Limited, Development Centers in various States etc. dealing in manufacture, sales and services of electronics consumer goods and appliances. Electronics engineers are also absorbed into the entertainment transmission industry, research establishments, and defense. They can also take up teaching and research in one of the many engineering colleges in India or abroad.

Career Options:

As an Electronic Engineer, entry for junior posts in the Government departments is by direct recruitment through advertisements in newspapers. Selection to Gazetted posts is through the competitive examinations conducted by Union and State Public Service Commission. UPSC conducts an Engineering Service Examination (Telecommunication and Electronics Engineering group) annually for vacancies in Central Engineering Services and various State Public Service commissions conduct their own competitive Exams for vacancies in State engineering services.

In the Defence Services, young engineers start as Second Lieutenants. For selection into the Defence Services- Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, applications are invited through National dailies and Employment News.

Similarly vacancies in the private and public sector are advertised through leading daily newspapers of the country and the Employment News. Mostly the candidates are interviewed after thorough scrutiny of their basic inputs and the selections are made on merit. Central Electronics Ltd., Indian Railways, Atomic Energy Commission, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Ministry of Civil Aviation, Directorate General Posts and Telegraphs Departments etc are some of the prospective employers in the field.

Electronic Engineers can start their own business by manufacture electronic parts, goods and components. He can also start a repair or assembly shop for television receivers, amplifiers, recording equipment etc. Since electronics is a labour intensive and talent -oriented field, it gives high returns for a given initial investment. Loan facilities are offered by banks and Small Scale Industries Development Corporations for starting a business.


Earnings of an electronic engineer vary with market demand and among organisations. Working experience, qualifications, ability are important factors in determining the pay level. In India, a bachelor's degree candidate in electronics engineering can receive a starting salary of Rs.7500 up to Rs 15,000 approximately with 1-2 years.

Civil Engineering


Considered as one of the oldest engineering disciplines, Civil Engineering involves planning, designing and executing structural works. The profession deals with a wide variety of engineering tasks including designing, supervision and construction activities of public works like roads, bridges, tunnels, buildings, airports, dams, water works, sewage systems, ports etc. and offers a multitude of challenging career opportunities.

A civil engineer is responsible for planning and designing a project, constructing the project to the required scale, and maintenance of the product. A civil engineer requires not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also supervisory and administrative skills. The planning part of their work involves site investigation, feasibility studies, creating solutions to complications that may occur and the actual designing of structures. They have to work with the guidelines of the local government authority and get plans approved by the relevant authority. They may prepare cost estimates and set construction schedules. Construction work involves dealing with clients, architects, government officials, contactors and the supervision of work according to standards. Their work also involves the maintenance and repair of the project.

The major specialisations within civil engineering are structural, water resources, environmental, construction, transportation, geo-technical engineering etc. On most projects, civil engineers work in teams or in coordination with many other engineers. They can find work as a supervisor of a construction site or a managerial position or in design, research as well as teaching in government services or private concerns. They can also work as independent consultants.

Job Prospects:

Civil Engineers can find job in Government departments, private and public sector industries, research and teaching institutions etc. Job opportunities for civil engineers are expected to increase as fast as the average for all jobs, although the construction industry is vulnerable to fluctuations in the economy.

Civil engineers will always be needed to maintain and repair existing facilities and structures and to construct new ones. After doing B.Tech, one can look for jobs in road projects, building work, consultancy firms, quality testing laboratories or housing societies. The experts say there is a high demand for experienced civil engineers in developed countries.

Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government, the railways, private construction companies, military, engineering services, consultancy services etc. Civil engineering graduates can also go in for research and take up teaching or they can open their own independent consultancy services.


The earnings depend on the industries employing civil engineers such as Central or State government departments or private concerns. In India, a bachelor's degree candidate in civil engineering can receive a starting salary of Rs.15000 up to Rs.20000 approximately with 2-3 years experience. With more experience or as an established independent consultant one could earn more.

Companies abroad in Singapore, UAE etc pay around Rs1,00,000 for candidates with 2-3 years experience. In USA, according to a salary survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers, a bachelor's degree candidate as an initial salary offers averaging $30,616 a year, master's degree candidates received an average offer of $44,080, and Ph.D. candidates were offered $53,280. Average salary of engineers employed by the federal government is about $60,078.

What is the Nobel Prize..??

Every year people are interviewed, nominated, awarded for the Nobel Prize for their achievements in the field of work such as chemistry, physics, medicines, and literature, and for efforts on behalf of peace.

The Nobel prizes were started by Alfred Nobel, a Swedish chemist who did a great deal to help the science of destruction. He was born in Stockholm and lived from 1833 to 1896.
It is thought that he made deadly explosives like dynamite, blasting gelatin etc. and so tried to do something Nobel for the world. When he died, he left a fund of $9,000,000. The money was to be used in giving away prizes to those who stand extra ordinary in their field of work. The first Nobel Prize was granted in 1901. Winning the Nobel Prize is considered as the highest honor that can be achieved. Interviewed, nominated, awarded for the Nobel Prize for their achievements in the field of work such as chemistry, physics, medicines, and literature, and for efforts on behalf of peace. Every year people are interviewed, nominated, awarded for the Nobel Prize for their achievements in the field of work such as chemistry, physics, medicines, and literature, and for efforts on behalf of peace...!!

Male Infertility

Sperm Coat Protein May Be Key to Male Infertility
The loss of a protein that coats sperm may explain a significant proportion of infertility in men worldwide, according to a study by an international team of researchers led by UC Davis. The research could open up new ways to screen and treat couples for infertility.

  • A paper describing the work is published July 20 in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

    The protein DEFB126 acts as a "cloaking device," allowing sperm to swim through mucus and avoid the immune system in order to reach the egg, said Gary Cherr, a professor at the UC Davis Bodega Marine Laboratory and Center for Health and Environment. Cherr is the senior author of the paper.

    But the UC Davis researchers found that many men carry a defective gene for DEFB126. A survey of samples from the U.S., United Kingdom and China showed that as many as a quarter of men worldwide carry two copies of the defective gene -- which may significantly affect their fertility.

    Infertility affects 10 to 15 percent of the U.S. population, said John Gould, associate professor of urology at UC Davis, who was not involved in the research. About half of those cases involve problems with male fertility.

    One of the mysteries of human fertility is that sperm quality and quantity seem to have little do with whether or not a man is fertile, said Ted Tollner, first author of the paper, who carried out the work as a postdoctoral scholar with Cherr. Tollner is now an adjunct assistant professor in the UC Davis Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

    "In 70 percent of men, you can't explain their infertility on the basis of sperm count and quality," Cherr said. Studies like this may give us opportunities to explain these cases, Gould said.

    If the discovery were successfully developed into a test, it could be used to send couples directly to treatment with intracytoplasmic sperm injection or ICSI, in which eggs are removed from the woman and injected directly with sperm, avoiding an expensive workup to exclude other causes, Gould said.

    Tollner and Cherr were looking for ways to make contraceptive vaccines when they started looking at DEFB126. The protein belongs to a class of molecules called defensins, natural germ-killers found on mucosal surfaces. DEFB126 is produced in the epididymis, the structure where sperm are stored after they are produced in the testes, and deposited onto sperm in the epididymis to form a thick coat.

    Tollner and Cherr were trying to make antibodies to the human protein, without much success. So they enlisted the help of Professor Charles Bevins, an expert on defensins who had just joined the UC Davis Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology.

    Bevins' lab made a recombinant copy of the human DEFB126 gene, with the aim of generating a purified protein that Tollner and Cherr could use to create antibodies. On their first attempt, they found the gene had a mutation that prevented it from making a protein. But when they used sperm from a different donor, they were able to make the normal protein.

    "If we hadn't seen this in the first clone, we would be confused to this day," Bevins said.

    Sperm from men with the defective DEFB126 genes look normal under a microscope and swim around like normal sperm. But they are far less able to swim through an artificial gel made to resemble human cervical mucus.

    When the normal protein is added to the sperm, they recover their normal abilities, the team found.

    Working with Edward Hollox at the University of Leicester, England, Xiping Xu at the University of Illinois, Chicago, and Scott Venners at Simon Fraser University, Canada, the researchers were able to look at the frequency of the gene in DNA samples from people in the U.S., United Kingdom, China, Japan and Africa.

    They found that worldwide, about half of all men carry one defective copy; a quarter have two defective copies and therefore make sperm that are poor at swimming through mucus.

    In collaboration with Xue Liu and other scientists at Anhui Medical University in Anhui, China, the epidemiology team headed by Venners was able to look at the effect of the mutation on a group of couples trying to conceive. They found a statistically significant decrease in the number of pregnancies in couples where the man carried two copies of the defective DEFB126 gene.

    Why should a mutation that affects fertility be so astonishingly common? It may be that heterozygotes -- men with one normal and one defective gene, but normal fertility -- are advantaged in some way, Tollner said.

    Tollner noted that compared to sperm from monkeys and other mammals, human sperm are typically poor quality, slow-swimming, and with a high rate of defective cells. It's possible that because humans, unlike most mammals, breed in long-term monogamous relationships, sperm quality just does not matter very much, Cherr said.

    However, some researchers believe that, for reasons unknown, human male fertility has been falling worldwide in recent decades. That decline might be unmasking the problems associated with the defective DEFB126 gene.

    Cherr said that they hope next to work with a major infertility program in the U.S. to further explore the role of the mutation.

    Other authors of the paper are: Ashley Yudin and James Overstreet, Center for Health and Environment, and Robert Kays, Tsang Lau, Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, UC Davis; and Genfu Tang and Houxun Xing, Anhui Medical University.

    The study was funded by grants from the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health.

Friday, June 29, 2012

Computer Engineering or Software Engineering


Computers!! - are slowly becoming a quintessential aspect which can be found everywhere; i,e in car engines, watches, microwave ovens, telephones, video games, x-ray machines, ATM's, touching every facet of our lives. Due to the rapid growth of Information Technology, computer industry has become one of the fastest growing segments of our economy. As a result, there exists a huge demand for Computer engineering professionals for the development of faster hardware components, new communication systems and software. Here comes the importance of Computer Engineering. Computer Engineering involves designing and testing of computer components. It is a branch of Engineering, which studies elements from both electrical engineering and computer science angles, combining the principle and techniques of these two for the making and development of computer and computer-based systems. Professionals who work with computer hardware and software are termed as Computer Engineers.

Computer engineers are a part of a team who apply their knowledge of mathematics and science for the design and development of a computer. Those who deal with the computer equipment as such, are termed as computer hardware engineers and those who deal with the computer programs are called computer software engineers. Computer software or software is a collection of computer programs, procedures and documentation that performs the major tasks on a computer system. Software engineers should have strong programming skills as they are concerned with the design and development of many types of software, including computer games, word processing and business applications, operating systems and network distribution and compilers, which convert programs to machine language for execution on a computer.

Hardware engineers are involved in the research, designing, testing, manufacturing and installation of computer hardware such as computer chips, circuit boards, computer systems and related equipments. Their work is similar to that of electronic engineers but their work is exclusively limited to computers and computer-related equipments. Computer engineers have the option of moving into hardware or software positions or blending the two. On projects, both these engineers usually work together as a team. It is these computer engineers who design software and hard ware computer-based systems for embedded micro controllers, designing - VLSI chips, analog sensors, mixed signal circuit boards and operating systems.

Job Prospects:

The job prospects for computer engineers are increasing rapidly both in India and abroad because of the booming in this industry. System study, analysis, design and programming are the main areas which provide various probabilities to the computer science and engineering graduates to shape themselves in their career. Computer engineers develop computer programs for industries. Their work involves the design, development and maintenance of software. They are engaged in analyzing problems for solutions, formulating and testing, using advanced communications or multi-media equipment or working in teams for product development.

A computer engineering graduate with a high percentage of mark and good communication skill are easily absorbed in reputed companies. Along with the degree in computer science, the candidate should be well trained in the latest software's. Software and IT companies are the main employers of these graduates. They can also find job opportunities in a variety of environments in university, research, private and public industries, government departments, business organizations, commercial organizations and the manufacturing sector etc.

Computer Engineers can work as a Software/ Hardware Engineer, which are the two main sectors in the computer industry. Software is the set of programmed instructions that enable a computer to perform specified functions and Hardware covers the physical elements of a computer system, and is concerned with the design, development, assembly, manufacture and maintenance. They can work as programmers, web developers and E- commerce specialists with industries that build or use computer-based systems, such as telecommunications, automotive, aerospace, etc. National and multi-national computer manufacturing companies; computer hardware system design and development companies, computer networking companies, software development companies as well as hardware assembling and maintenance companies, data processing departments of modern industries and in areas where computers and computer-aided systems are used, such as aeronautics and space science, the petroleum industry, chemical plants and power plants and management consultancy organizations are some among the probable work places.

Diploma holder in computer engineering can start their own business enterprise with very little investment. A person with good academic record i.e a masters degree in computer engineering with 5 years experience in teaching at graduate level or industrial experience in a reputed firm can be employed as a lecturer. Qualified candidates can find employment as a Software engineer in software companies in India and abroad.

European manufacturing industries provide excellent career opportunities for computer graduates in areas like cabling, satellite television, cellular telephones, microprocessor system design and software engineering. In Australia and overseas they might be employed in design, manufacturing, robotics and software development sectors.


Compared to the other engineering fields, computer engineering graduates receive excellent pay package at the initial level itself. They can find job openings both in India and abroad. The remuneration depends on the status of the industry and experience, qualifications and ability of the employee.

As compared to the government sector, private firms offers excellent pay packages. In India a fresh graduate in computer engineering can get a starting salary of Rs.10, 000 – Rs.25, 000 and within 1 or 2 year of experience it may gradually increase to Rs. 50, 000 or more per month. A lecturer in this filed can earn an amount Rs 8000-13500/- plus dearness allowances. Freshers from the best technological universities/colleges (IITs and NITs) are offered annual pay package of up to 10 lakhs.

Rehabilitation Therapy:

A long but rewarding journey, rehabilitation therapy is another indispensable contribution brought forward by medical science. As nations attempt to restore earthquakes and hurricanes sites by disseminating heaps of rehabilitation facilities, a therapist attempts to safeguard the physical well-being of a distraught patient. No doubt, one cannot compare the effects of a natural calamity to an individual sufferer, but somebody needs to attend to these micro-disasters. Whether physical, speech or occupational therapy, a rehabilitation therapist is a vital instrument in today’s plummeting mortality rates.

Rehabilitation therapy training usually involves assisting patients as some battle with diabetes and osteoporosis and often has to accommodate new artificial limbs. Physical therapy is not an easy task, but is worth the effort when one witnesses the client’s exuberance to have regained his or her ability to perform everyday activities. If you harbour a strong desire to study rehabilitation therapy and to practice it, read this article and confront the escalating opportunities projected by this eminent field.

Courses In Rehabilitation Therapy:

Courses in rehabilitation therapy endow students with a methodical insight on human development and growth, whilst laying emphasis on the cognitive, physical, and environmental elements of injury and illness. Students are meticulously trained to help patients regain skills lost due to strokes, accidents or developmental disabilities. Below is a rough outline of the course curriculum.

•Human Anatomy
•Rehabilitation: Definition, aims, objectives & Philosophy of rehabilitation
•Techniques of guidance & counseling with reference to disabled
•Terminology, movements, planes & relationships of body parts
•Classification of joints & their structure
•Anatomy of Speech Mechanism
•The neural control of posture, balance & muscle tone
•Motor learning and feedback mechanisms
•Anatomy of Hearing System
•Central nervous system, spinal level and peripheral level nervous system.
•Phenomenon of fatigue in human beings.
•Determination of mechanical efficiency during difference grades of exercise.
•Development & relationship to vegetative functions
•Human Development
•Psychosocial Counselling
•Mental Retardation & Learning Disability
•Locomotor Disability
•Physical & Exercise Therapy
•Audiology & Aural Rehabilitation
•Speech & Language
•Management of Speech & Language Disorders
•Education of Visually Impaired & Low Vision Children
•Cerebral Palsy and Neurological conditions


Students can specialize in physical, speech or occupational therapy. Physical therapy focuses on restoring body functions, tissue manipulation and treatment, and helping a disable patient to walk again. Occupational therapy encourages a recuperating patient to return to work and handle day-to-day activities with ease while speech therapy helps a patient regain confidence to speak and communicate.

Career Prospects:

A career that eggs on customers to be self-reliant and independent, rehabilitation therapy is very rewarding to both parties. Job opportunities in this sector are abundant and are found in hospitals, private clinics polyclinics, rehabilitation centres and psychiatric institutions. Rehabilitation therapists also can work independently to provide home healthcare facility. They can alternatively work full time or part time to earn fantastic salaries.

Best Institutes:

•York St John University ,North Yorkshire, UK
•National Institute For The Mentally Handicapped (NIMH), Secunderabad, India
•Institute For The Physically Handicapped, New Delhi, India
•School Of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen’s University, Australia
•All India Institute Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, Mumbai, India
•University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas, USA
•All India Institute of Speech & Hearing, Mysore, India
•Rehabilitation Teaching and Research Unit, University Of Otago (Wellington), New Zealand

First transfusion of artificial blood

According to a study published on 1 September 2011 in the journal Blood, French researchers, for the first time, successfully managed to transfuse blood artificially created from stem cells.

It is from the human hematopoietic stem cells from a donor and by adding "growth factors" that researchers were able to produce billions of red blood cells for subsequent transfusion to the same donor.

According to Professor Luc Douay, who led the study at the Hopital Saint-Antoine in Paris, these results allow us to imagine the creation of artificial blood banks' medium-term "destined for human patients.

For the Professor, "the challenge now is to move to an industrial phase" that could end the crucial problem of the lack of blood donors.

Quad USB 3.0 NAND Flash Memory Controller

VIA Labs VL751 is a USB 3.0 Super Speed controller (Fig. 1) that has a four channel NAND flash memory interface. The VL751 has been certified by the USB Implementers Forum (USB-IF) for USB 3.0 operation.

The NAND flash memory controller enhances performance using pre-read and pre-write buffers and a pipelined ECC engine. It is designed to handle large capacity flash drives of 32 Gbytes or more an operation up to 35 Mbytes/s.

The VIA Labs VL751 USB 3.0 NAND Flash Controller can handle the USB mass storage class 'Bulk-Only Transport'.

How to Recover Lost Hard Drive Data:

Your old hard disk drive has finally died out on you and you are left without all of your files! If you have somehow lost some or all of the data on your computer hard drive, do not panic. You can recover your lost data through computer hard drive recovery software and services.

While sturdy-looking, computer hard drives are relatively fragile computer hardware that can easily break apart if you physically abuse them or run them beyond their limits. With just a short three-foot drop, you can crack and disable your laptop computer hard drive.

You can usually tell if you have a broken computer hard drive based on the sounds that it makes when you boot up and use your PC. The failing hard drive will warn you that it is having a problem by making clicking sounds. When you hear frantic clicks from your hard drive, turn off your computer immediately or you will further damage your drive.

At this point, you have to decide on whether to let go of your hard drive data or hire a computer hard drive recovery service to retrieve your data. Data recovery services are never cheap so be prepared to shell out some cash if you want to retrieve your old hard drive data.

If your computer hard drive is not completely destroyed, you can attempt to recover your data by yourself. You can do this with the help of computer hard drive recovery software.

Before running any computer hard drive recovery software, you first have to remove the damaged hard drive and externally hook it to another computer via a FireWire or USB port. This computer should have the data recovery software installed in it. You then use the recovery software to copy the files from the defective hard drive onto a destination hard drive. The process can take a few hours to several days so you need to be patient.

Depending on the extent of the damage to your hard drive, you can recover all or a greater portion of your hard drive data by using computer hard drive recovery software or by employing a computer hard drive recovery service.


The health benefits of dates are innumerable. It is, in fact, a dry fruit that is sweet in taste and is rich in minerals and vitamins. The cultivation of dates can be traced back many years in history. Have a quick look at top 10 health benefits of dates.

1) Dates are free from cholesterol and contain very low fat. Dates are rich in vitamins and minerals.

2) They are rich source of protein, dietary fiber and rich in vitamin B1, B2, B3 and B5 along with vitamin A1 and C.

3) It helps improve the digestive system as it contains soluble and insoluble fibers and different kinds of amino acids.

4) Dates are great energy boosters as they contain natural sugars like glucose, sucrose and fructose. To get more advantage add dates to milk and make it a very nutritious snack. Dates are very low in calories and are extremely suitable for health conscious people.

5) Dates are rich in potassium and reduced in sodium. This helps regulate a healthy nervous system. Researches have revealed the fact that potassium intake up to a certain extent can reduce risk of stroke. Dates also help in lowering of the LDL cholesterol.

6) Dates have high iron content and are very useful in treating anemia. The patients can eat many dates for better advantages. Dates also have fluorine that slows down the process of tooth decay.

7) It helps people suffering from constipation. Soak dates overnight and take it along with water to have added advantage.

8) It helps increase one’s sexual stamina. Soak one handful of dates in goat’s milk overnight. In the morning grind the dates in the milk and add honey and cardamom powder and drink it.

9) Dates help in weight gain and are beneficial for those who suffer from over slimming problem. Dates are excellent for alcoholic intoxication.

10) Cures abdominal cancer. The best thing is that it does not have any side effect on the body and is completely natural as well as it works better than medicine. It also helps in improving eye sight and helps in curing night blindness as well.

Note : (Do not forget to wash the dates thoroughly so that the dust is cleaned properly before consumption. Buy and consume only those dates that are properly packed and processed. No matter how beneficial eatables are, you need to take care while choosing them and so go for the good ones even if you have to pay a little bit more for that).

The Burning Gates

Country: Turkmenistan
Location: In the heart of the Karakum desert of Turkmenistan.

The Burning Gates give off a glow that can be seen from miles away during the dark night. It is a result of a Soviet gas exploration accident which occuried in the 1950′s. It was created when a Soviet drilling rig was drilling for natural gas and fell into an underground cavern resulting in a crater. It measures 60 meters in diameter and 20 meters deep.


Height of Technology, now we the Human being are able to Control WEATHER not Completely but in a very certain area, there is a LOT more to tell and i will cover this topic in future, this Tech will be the next Super Weapon among the World Giants
take a look what HAARP is Capable to do and what exactly its gonna Impact on our Eco-System

Weather control is the act of manipulating or altering certain aspects of the environment to produce desirable changes in weather. Weather control can have the goal of preventing damaging weather, such as hurricanes or tornadoes, from occurring; of causing beneficial weather, such as rainfall in an area experiencing drought; or of provoking damaging weather against an enemy or rival, as a tactic of military or economic warfare. Weather modification in warfare has been banned by the United Nations.

Future aspirations

Climatologists have simulated hurricane control based on selective heating and cooling (or prevention of evaporation).[26] Futurist John Smart has discussed the potential for weather control via space-based solar power networks. One proposal involves the gentle heating via microwave of portions of large hurricanes. Such chaotic systems may be susceptible to "side steering" with a few degrees of increased temperature/pressure at critical points. A sufficient network might keep the largest and most potentially damaging hurricanes from landfall, at the request of host nations. Blizzards, monsoons, and other extreme weather are also potential candidates for space-based amelioration.[citation needed] If large-scale weather control were to become feasible, potential negative implications may include:

Unintended side effects, especially given the chaotic nature of weather development[citation needed]
Damage to existing ecosystems[citation needed]
Health risks to humans[citation needed]
Equipment malfunction or accidents[citation needed]
Non-democratic control or use as a weapon[citation needed]
ELF hot spots causing slightly accelerated ionospheric depletion by solar wind.

"Gibraltar Airport"


Between Morocco and Spain sits the tiny British territory of Gibraltar. Construction of the airport dates back to World War II, and it continues to serve as a base for the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force, though commercial flights land on a daily basis.

Why It's Unique:
Winston Churchill Avenue, Gibraltar's busiest road, cuts directly across the runway. Railroad-style crossing gates hold cars back every time a plane lands or departs. "There's essentially a mountain on one side of the island and a town on the other," Schreckengast says. "The runway goes from side to side on the island because it's the only flat space there, so it's the best they can do. It's a fairly safe operation as far as keeping people away," he says, "It just happens to be the best place to land, so sometimes it's a road and sometimes it's a runway."

beautiful pair

Every couple can learn a lot from this beautiful pair

. In these days lots of couple are getting divorced for silly reasons. It is very easy to say I love you, I love you for ever, I will be with you forever, I will die for you, I will care for you etc etc.. Love is more than saying "I Love you".

Life is not a matter of milestones, but of moments.

The couple Ahmad 26 and his wife Fatima 25-year-old are disabilities.
They got married few years back. Ahmad disability of both hands and both feet of Fatima is.
The couple with disabilities, but strong in the field of artworks activities.

Fatima is washing dishes in the kitchen
Ahmad comb his hair by the foot
Fatima is helping Ahmad to tie his hair
Ahmad ironing clothes
Ahmed and Fatima watching television and eating Breakfast
Ahmad is washing his feet
Ahmad is brushing
Fatima spraying the perfume on Ahmad's clothes before going out of the house
Fatima and Ahmed in the way of music workshop of rehabilitation nursing sector workshops
Ahmed and his friend practice a piece of music
Ahmad and Fatima help each other in home work
Ahmed and Fatima at lunch
Ahmed and Fatima in chat and review their wedding pictures
The young and passionate Ahmad Sometimes, speak with the God in solitude
Fatima is listening to Ahmad's lovely poem
Always enjoy life, no matter how hard it seems!
When life give you a thousand reasons to cry. Show the world that…
You have million reasons to SMILE!!!

concerning water

Interesting facts concerning water

Water - the most simple and familiar substance on the planet. But at the same time, the water carries a lot of mysteries
March 22, is the International Day of Water Resources. This date was established by the General Assembly of the United Nations to remind mankind of the importance of water for the environment and social development.

Currently, 70% of our planet covered by water. But only 1% of Earth's Water is drinkable. Each year the problems of access to water resources becomes more acute

>> The purest water is in Finland. According to UNESCO, the purest water is in Finland. In total 122 countries took part in research of fresh natural water.

>> The water has more than 3 states. Even at school all know that the water has 3 Form: liquid, solid and gaseous. However, scientists have identified 5 different states of water in liquid form, and 14 states in the frozen form.

>> Water as glass. What happens if you take the frozen pure water and continue cooling? With water there will be miraculous transformations. At minus 120 degrees Celsius water becomes highly viscous , and at temperatures below minus 135 degrees it becomes a "glass" water. "Glass" water - it is solid, in which there is no crystalline structure, as in the glass.

>> The water is basis of life. Water is the basis of life. All the living animal and vegetable substance composed of water: animals - 75%, fish - by 75%, jellyfish - up to 99%, potatoes - by 76%, apples - about 85%, tomatoes - 90%, cucumbers - 95 %, melons - by 96%. Even a human consists of water. 86% of water contained in the body of a newborn and up to 60% in the elderly.

>>The water is the carrier of disease. Water not only gives life, but may take it away. 85% of all diseases in the world is transmitted by water. Every year 25 million people die from these diseases.

>> People dies without water. If a human loses 2% of water from the mass of his body, then he will feel strong thirst. If the percentage of lost water increase to 10, then the person will begin hallucinating. At loss in 12 % the person cannot be restored without the aid of the doctor. At loss in 20 % the person dies.

>> Water as a diet. By means of water it is possible to struggle with excess weight. If to drink only water, it is possible to lower the general caloric content of a diet sharply.

>> Water for healthy heart . Water helps to lower probability of heart attack. During researches scientists have found out that those people who drink about six glasses of water in day, are less subject to risk of the stroke unlike those who drinks only two glasses.

>> 35 tons of water for life. Without water the person can live not long. The requirement for water is the second after oxygen. Without meal the person can live about six weeks, and without water – five-seven days. The person drinks approximately 35 tons of the water for all life.

>> Water is the most expensive. Water can be free, and can be very expensive. The most expensive water in the world is on sale in Los Angeles. Manufacturers pack a precious liquid with the balanced taste and value ph in bottles with pastes "Swarovski". There Is such water 90$ for 1 liter.

>>There is a water which burns.There is also a dangerous water. So, for example, in Azerbaijan there is a water in which it is a lot of methane, therefore it can light up if to bring to it a match. And in Sicily in one of lakes there are underwater sources of acid which poison all water in this reservoir.

>>Protein in water. Sea water – rather nutritious substance. In 1 cubic sm of such water contains 1.5 г protein and other substances

Gásadalur ,Mykines

"The village of Gásadalur with the island of Mykines in the background. Until a tunnel was built in 2004, the 16 residents living in Gásadalur had to take a strenuous hike or horseback ride over the steep 1,300-foot (400-meter) mountain in order to make it to the other villages. It was a rare sunny day in the Faroe Islands and I had to wait until the clouds rolled in to provide some softer light. I decided to go with a long exposure (1 minute and 10 seconds) to illustrate the force of the wind and a serene sea among the isolated islands."

Turtle with two heads

Two heads, four legs and a shell. This is the shortest description of a unique case of Siamese twins turtles. They were found in eastern Turkey, in a natural reserve near Izmir.
These days, visitors of the nature reserve ineastern Turkey take are coming to watch two turtles... Siamese twins. They share thesame armor, and the head of each is placed on the opposite sides. Each is controlled by two feet so they move quite problematically.
A group of people found them recently, and it is estimated that these twins are only a month old.

Ever wonder why children, even babies, are so drawn to animals?

 Even linguists have long been aware of this attraction. Turns out that more than a third of the average baby’s earliest words are names for animals with “cat,” “dog,” “duck,” and “bunny” leading the pack. What’s more, we see a similar trend among signs.

researchers tell us. As young babies begin looking around their world, they are automatically attracted to things that move, are brightly colored, and are easy to see. They are fascinated by things that make interesting noises, are capable of interacting with them and are unpredictable in what they do and how they behave. The most obvious items that fit this description are other people. And, in fact, from the day they are born, babies are absolutely fascinated by the faces and voices of the people around them.

But humans aren’t the only things in the world that meet these criteria. Animals do, too. In sharp contrast to even the most exciting mechanical toy, an animal moves itself around, behaves in unpredictable ways, and makes funny noises. What’s more, many of the animals children see at close range have the added advantage of providing what researchers call “contact comfort”—or what most people call being soft and cuddly! In other words, babies find animals about as far from boring as things can be without being human

sex for a longer life

Lots of sex for a longer life

An active sex life is the key to longer life for men, but only if you are faithful to their partners, as new study says.
Research conducted by the Italian Society for Sexual Medicine has shown that an active sex life means less cardiovascular problems for men. "What is clear from this study is that men with active sex lives, which are faithful to their partners, have less cardiovascular problems and long-lasting life, " says research director Emmanuele Jannini for Telegraph.
Increased sexual activity produces more testosterone, which leads to reduced depression and improved cardiovascular system, and thus a better metabolism,"says Jannini. The study showed that those who are unfaithful have troublesome cardiovascular system because they are exposed to a lot of stress.
Increasing levels of testosterone during sex for men is very beneficial because it helps burning excess of sugar and reduces the risk of heart diseases. Active sexual life helps to avoid the problems with the prostate as well.

Thursday, June 28, 2012



Take a crack at these eggshell reuses:

1. Compost for Naturally Fertilized Soil

Eggshells quickly decompose in the compost pile and add valuable calcium and other minerals to the soil in the process.

2. Nontoxic Pest Control in the Garden

Scatter crushed eggshell around your plants and flowers to help deter plant-eating slugs, snails and cutworms without using eco-unfriendly pesticides. Also, deer hate the smell of eggs, so scattering eggshells around the flowerbed will help keep Bambi away from your begonias.

3. Less Bitter Coffee

Add an eggshell to the coffee in the filter, and your morning coffee will be less bitter. The spent coffee grounds, eggshell and bio-degradable filter are then conveniently ready for the compost pile.

4. Splendid Seedling Starters

Fill biodegradable eggshell halves with potting soil instead of using peat pots to start seedlings for the garden. And an egg carton on the windowsill is the perfect way to start a dozen tomato seedlings in shells before transplanting to the garden in the spring.

5. Eco-friendly Household Abrasive

Shake crushed eggshells and a little soapy water to scour hard-to-clean items like thermoses and vases. Crushed eggshells can also be used as a nontoxic abrasive on pots and pans.

6. Eggy, Crafty Projects

“Blow out” the inside of a raw egg and paint/decorate the hollow shell to make your Faberge eggs or other craft projects. Pieces of egg shell (plain or dyed) are also used in mosaic art projects.

7. Clever Jello and Chocolate Molds

Carefully fill “blown out” eggshells (above) with jello or chocolate to make unique egg-shaped treats; peel away the eggshell mold before serving, or serve as is and let your guests discover the surprise inside.

8. Natural Drain Cleaner

Keep a couple of crushed eggshells in your kitchen sink strainer at all times. They trap additional solids and they gradually break up and help to naturally clean your pipes on their way down the drain.

9. Membrane Home Remedies

The super-thin membrane inside the eggshell has long been used as a home remedy for a wide range of ailments, from healing cuts to treating ingrown toenails.

10. Treat Skin Irritations

Dissolve an eggshell in a small jar of apple cider vinegar (takes about two days) and use the mixture to treat minor skin irritations and itchy skin.

11. Egg on Your Face

Pulverize dried egg shells with a mortar and pestle, then whisk the powder in with an egg white and use for a healthful, skin-tightening facial. Allow the face mask to dry before rinsing it off.

12. The Fuel of Tomorrow?

Just when your brain was totally fried by all my ingenious reuses for eggshells, researchers at Ohio State University recently discovered that eggshells might be the key to producing affordable hydrogen fuel.


The only part of the body that has no blood supply is the cornea in the eye. It takes in oxygen directly from theair and thats why corneal transplant is oneof most succesful rejection from the body!!!

Automatic Battery Charger

Why automatic? Because it automatically starts the charging procedure when battery voltage drops below a certain predefined value and stops after the voltage has risen above the maximum allowed value. Setup can't be easier, just connect two alligator clips to battery terminals and plug the device in mains. This way it can stay connected for months and the battery will neverovercharge. This comes very very handy when you have a scooter or a real motorcycle that you don't drive during the winter time.

link( click here) 

Carbon Nanotube-Based Integrated CircuitsManufactured on Plastic Substrates

Carbon Nanotube-Based Integrated CircuitsManufactured on Plastic Substrates.........
Industrial Technology Research Grant Japan-Finland collaborative project have developed a simple and fast process to manufacture high-quality carbon nanotube-based thin film transistors (TFT) on a plastic substrate.
They used this technolog y to manufacture the world's first sequential logic circuits using carbon nanotubes. The technology could lead to the development of high-speed, roll-to-roll manufacturing processes to manufacture low-cost flexible devices such as electronic paper in the future.
1.Lightweight and flexible devices such as mobile phones and electronic paper are gaining attention for their roles in achieving a smarter ubiquitous information society. For flexible electronics, as a substitute for conventional solid silicon substrates, there is a demand for integrated circuits to be manufactured on a plastic substrate with high speed and low cost .
2.Easy and fast thin film deposition: Gas phase filtration and transfer processes
3.Carbon nanotube TFTs with high-mobility of 35 cm2/Vs and an on/off ratio of 6´106
4.Successful operation of integrated circuits on transparent and flexible plastic substrates!!!!

A Concept For Future Aircrafts

Shabtai Hirshberg is an innovator who has done a great work in making up a design and subsequently writing a thesis over future commercial aircrafts. He has intelligently considered the design, comfort, fuel saving and greener environment for the future aircraft concept.
According to current predictions we will be having a 100% increase in flights by the end of 2030. Airlines are also well aware of the rising prices of fuel, and according to an estimate most of them will cut back the luxuries and increase passenger capacities since the business is becoming less profitable.
The new designed Shabtai Hirshberg commercial plane fits perfect in these circumstances since it reduces the fuel costby 30%. This newly designed aircraft can also be landed on water as well as land. The streamlined shaped body and great efficiency of features makes it a brilliant choice for future. The designer has ambitiously worked with aeronautical engineers to come up with optimized use of technology, material, propulsion and other features

Orda cave

Underwater Orda cave, Russia!
** The biggest underwater gypsum cave in the world.
** Second in Eurasia and one of the biggest caves in the world regarding to volumes of its galleries.
** It is situated near Orda village (Perm region, Ural, Russia).
** There is extremely low water temperature – about 3C and 20C below zero on surface.
** The cave is extended - about 5 km. Under this circumstances shooting became very challenging.

Alan Turing (1912-1954)

Happy birthday Alan Turing (1912-1954)! its been the 100th birthday of Alan Turing, a man whose **HUGE** contribution to the history of computing has never been properly recognized. Turing developed the theory of modern computers in 1936 at the age of just 24: virtually every modern computer - the one I'm using to write this and the one you're using to read it - is based on the theory Turing set out. During World War II, Turing played a key part in the development of British code-breaking machines. When the war ended, he became interested in what's now called artificial intelligence: making computers that think like people. Today, Alan Turing is best known for inventing the Turing test (a way of seeing if a computer is "intelligent" by programming it to hold a conversation with a real person). [Photo of the slate bust of Alan Turing by Richard Gillin, published on Flickr under a Creative Commons licence.]

How to solder things

: If you're into electronics - either building your own stuff or repairing things - one essential skill you need to learn is how to solder. It's not as difficult as it might look. The thing to remember is that you're trying to melt solder onto two components to make a good, reliable electrical connection between them; soldering is not the same as welding, where you use heat to fuse metals together. Here are two good, short videos showing how to solder correctly. First up, Jonathan Hare of Vega Science Trust. Then, in the comments below, the slightly scary Mike Allen of Popular Mechanics.

Wednesday, June 27, 2012



A watch is never seen on a thumb but times have changed thanks to Timex. Timex, in collaboration with Core77, held a global design competition called 2154: the future of time design. So what you are seeing here is the TX54 concept.


It is a disposable clock and calender that can be worn on the user's thumbnail.

The nail clock makes seeing in the dark as easy as pressing down on the end of your thumbnail.

TAllest mAn sURVIvinG ON EartH........

The tallest man living is Sultan Kösen (Turkey, b.10 December 1982) who measured 251 cm (8 ft 3 in) in Ankara, Turkey, on 08 February 2011.

The part-tme farmer was the first man over 8 ft (2.43 m) to be measured by Guinness World Record in over 20 years.

Indeed, GWR only knows of 10 confirmed or reliable cases in history of humans reaching 8 ft or more.

Sultan also holds the records for widest hand span and largest feet on a living person.

Speaking at the time of his entry into the Guinness World Records family he said: 'I never imagined I would be in the book, I dreamed about it, but it was still a huge surprise'..


ABoUt YoUr OWn facebook....
Facebook is a social networking service and website launched in February 2004, owned and operated by Facebook, Inc. [3] As of May 2012, Facebook has over 900 million active users, more than half of them using Facebook on a mobile device.[4] Users must register before using the site, after which they may create a personal profile, add other users as friends, and exchange messages, including automatic notifications when they update their profile. Additionally, users may join common-interest user groups, organized by workplace, school or college, or other characteristics, and categorize their friends into lists such as "People From Work" or "Close Friends". The name of the service stems from the colloquial name for the book given to students at the start of the academic year by some university administrations in the United States to help students get to know each other. Facebook allows any users who declare themselves to be at least 13 years old to become registered users of the site.[5]
Facebook was founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates and fellow students Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes.[6] The website's membership was initially limited by the founders to Harvard students, but was expanded to other colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford University.

Weird Bus Station : California :


Here's a bus station to wait in line for. At the Pacific View mall in Ventura, California, designer Dennis Oppenheim calls it "the metamorphosis of a bus becoming a house" and a thought to pack your bags with: "The passengers will arrive at their destination. They will arrive home." All aboard!

Guinness World Records

Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records (and in previous U.S. editions as The Guinness Book of World Records), is a reference book published annually, containing a collection of world records, both human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.

The book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling copyrighted book series of all time.

It is also one of the most frequently stolen books from public libraries in the United States.

The most expensive dog ever sold.

The most expensive dog ever sold was recently in March 2011, a red “Tibetan mastiff” called Big Splash, or “Hong Dong” in Chinese. This most expensive dog ever is already 11 months-old and already stands nearly three-feet-high at the shoulder and weighs more than 180lbs, says his breeder, Lu Liang. He was purchased by a chinese multi-millionaire coal baron.

‘Big Splash’ sold for an amazing 10 million Yuan which is about 1.5 million US Dollars and beats the earlier record set by another Tibetan Mastiff Tibetan mastiff” called Yangtze River Number Two which was sold to a chinese woman in 2009 for a whopping 4 million Yuan (About $609,000). But this still doesn’t make the Tibetan Mastiff generally the most expensive dog breed.


Yes glass will bounce on non hardened surfaces ... In a normal situation (hard floor, rubber ball v. glass ball), the rubber ball will bounce higher and the glass ball will most likely shatter. However, if you change this to a floor that has a slight amount of give (vinyl floor) the glass ball will bounce higher than the rubber ball. Both balls will have the same amount of energy immediately before they hit the floor, but when they strike, more energy is spent reforming the rubber ball than the glass ball, so the glass ball has more energy going up, therefore, going higher. This is because a glass ball hardly loses any energy when struck, and the rubber ball does

multi-walled carbon nanotubes

Breakthrough in space science

NASA engineers have produced a material that absorbs on average more than 99 percent of the ultraviolet, visible, infrared, and far- infrared light that hits it -- a development that promises to open new frontiers in space technology.

The nanotech-based coating is a thin layer of multi-walled carbon nanotubes, tiny hollow tubes made of pure carbon about 10,000 times thinner than a strand of human hair.

If used in detectors and other instrument components, the technology would allow scientists to gather hard-to- obtain measurements of objects so distant in the universe that astronomers no longer can see them in visible light or those in high-contrast areas, including planets in orbit around other stars.

Water Molecules Found on the Moon...!!

A very young lunar crateras viewed by NASA's Moon Mineralogy Mapper. On the right, the distribution of water-rich minerals is shown in false-color blue. !
NASA scientists have discovered watermolecules in the polar regions of the Moon. Instruments aboard three separate spacecraft revealed water molecules in amounts that are greater than predicted, but still relatively small. Hydroxyl, a molecule consisting of one oxygen atom and one hydrogen atom, also was found in the lunar soil.
The observations were made by NASA's Moon Mineralogy Mapper, or M 3 ("M-cubed"), aboard the Indian Space Research Organization's Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft. NASA's Cassini spacecraft and NASA's Epoxi spacecraft have confirmed the find.

New Toilet System Transform Waste into Electricity

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) have invented a new toilet system that will turn human waste into electricity and fertilisers and also reduce the amount of water needed for flushing byup to 90 per cent compared to current toiletsystems in Singapore.
Dubbed the No-Mix Vacuum Toilet, it has two chambers that separate the liquid and solid wastes. Using vacuum suction technology, such as those used in aircraft lavatories, flushing liquids would now take only 0.2 litres of water while flushing solids require just one litre.
The existing conventional water closet usesabout 4 to 6 litres of water per flush. If installed in a public restroom flushed 100 times a day, this next generation toilet system, will save about 160,000 litres in a year – enough to fill a small pool 10 x 8 metres x 2m.

Molluscum contagiosum:

A contagious disease of the skin marked by the occurrence of rounded soft tumors of the skin caused by the growth of a virus (one that belongs to the virus family called the Poxviridae).
The disease is characterized by the appearance of a few to numerous small, pearly, umbilicated downgrowths called molluscum bodies or condyloma subcutaneum.

Molluscum contagiosum is mainly seen in children. In teenagers and adults it is often transmitted sexually and so may be considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It is a benign disorder that usually clears up by itself.

The Latin "molluscus" means soft.

wireless system

2.5 terabits of information per second!!!!

How powerful is your wireless system? Can it smoothly transfer 4 movies at the same time or can it simultaneously stream loaded music files? Sounds crazy? Well, there is a Wi-Fi that can seamlessly do all of that and much more. A set of Israeli and American scientists have been working on a new way to transmit data wirelessly. The good news is that they can now transfer a scorching 2.5 terabits of information per second.

This wireless system is almost 8,000 times faster than your fastest wired home Internet connection that can only manage up to 300Mbps. Literally, the output is the same as transmitting seven full Blu-ray movies per second.

Starfish don’t have brains.

They are not fish. they are not even vertebrates. they are echinoderms. You saythey don’t have brains – it is true that the nervous system is not organized in a central organ or ‘brain,’ but they do have a system of nerves that control sensory sytems, movement, balance, orientation, etc.
Starfish are Inverterbrites, nature has made it so they dont require a brain to survive. In effect this means that all the processes that happen inside are starfish are very simple and interconnected

Moon jellyfish

Hundreds of moon jellyfish babies have been born at the Weymouth Sealife centre in Dorset. Aquarists say they have never seen so many jelly babies of all shapes, sizes and colours from many different species at one time - but even though they may look cute many of them are highly poisonous as well.

Amazing fact of shark

Truely Amazing fact of shark...
A Shark can sense a drop of
blood from 2.5 miles away and
can detect one part of blood in
"100 million" parts of water (i.e

Dr.kalam's Simplicity....

This photo is taken when Dr.kalam
went to healthcare inauguration in
Azamgarh a couple of daysback.

While his way back he stopped for a
cup of teain this roadside Dhaba
with his team.

He said:- No 5 stars or any star
hotel can beat this taste.

Now this is called as SIMPLICITY.

Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Inside the head of a beatboxer

Michael Marshall, reporter

Meet Reeps One, the UK's champion beatboxer. Last month he took some time out from his regular schedule of dubstep gigs to perform inside an MRI machine. The video above reveals the muscle movements involved in beatboxing.
Carolyn McGettigan, a neuroscientist at University College London, UK, tracked down Reeps One and persuaded him to beatbox while she scanned his brain. A second volunteer, who wasn't an expert beatboxer, did the same thing.
You can see the results in the pictures below. When beatboxing Reeps One (top, activity highlighted in red) mostly used his primary motor cortex and cerebellum, while the novice beatboxer (below, activity highlighted in green) used several other areas on top of that. It might be the control's lack of expertise showing through: they had to plan each articulation, while Reeps One had already learned how to do it and could perform more-or-less automatically

McGettigan and her colleagues previously identified the brain regions involved in mimicking someone's voice.

video, link