Thursday, July 19, 2012

Steven Paul Jobs

Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American businessman and
inventor widely recognized as a
charismatic pioneer of the personal computer revolution.
He was co- founder, chairman, and chief
executive officer of Apple Inc. Jobs also co-founded and served as chief
executive of Pixar Animation Studios ; he became a member of the board of
directors of The Walt Disney Company in 2006, following the acquisition of
Pixar by Disney.
In the late 1970s, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak engineered one of the first commercially successful lines of
personal computers, the Apple II series.
Jobs directed its aesthetic design and marketing along with A.C. "Mike" Markkula, Jr. and others.
In the early 1980s, Jobs was among the first
to see the commercial potential of Xerox PARC 's mouse-driven graphical user interface, which led to the creation of the Apple Lisa (engineered by Ken Rothmuller and John Couch) and, one year later, creation of Apple
employee Jef Raskin's Macintosh. After losing a power struggle with the
board of directors in 1985, Jobs left
Apple and founded NeXT, a computer platform development company specializing in the higher-educatio n
and business markets.
NeXT was
eventually acquired by Apple in 1996,
which brought Jobs back to the
company he co-founded, and
provided Apple with the NeXTSTEP codebase, from which the Mac OS X was developed.
Jobs was named Apple advisor in 1996, interim CEO in
1997, and CEO from 2000 until his
resignation. He oversaw the
development of the iMac, iTunes, iPod, iPhone, and iPad and the company's Apple Retail Stores.
In 1986, he acquired the computer graphics
division of Lucasfilm Ltd, which was spun offas Pixar Animation Studios . He was credited in Toy Story (1995) as an executiveproducer. He
remained CEO and majority shareholder at 50.1 percent until its
acquisition by The Walt Disney Company in 2006, making Jobs Disney's largest individual shareholder
at seven percent and a member of Disney's Board of Directors.
In 2003, Jobs was diagnosed with a pancreas neuroendocrine tumor. Though it was initially treated, he
reported a hormone imbalance,
underwent a liver transplant in 2009,
and appeared progressively thinner as his health declined. On medical leave for most of 2011, Jobs resigned
as Apple CEO in August that year and
was elected Chairman of the Board. He
died of respiratory arrest related to his
metastatic tumor on October 5, 2011.
He continues to receive honors and public recognition for his influence in
the technology and music industries.

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